There are many different types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent kind of eczema. Eczema can be quite irritating. Scratching causes inflammation and redness of the skin (puffy). Babies are the most likely to suffer from eczema, although it can also affect children and adults.
Chronic atopic dermatitis affects the skin. An allergic reaction is to blame. Eczema of this type involves the majority of people. Atopic dermatitis and asthma are all conditions that can be passed down through families. To have dermatitis is to have red, itchy skin.
Most children with atopic dermatitis begin experiencing symptoms around infancy and have symptoms throughout childhood. Occasionally, the condition worsens (called flare-ups). After a flare-up, the skin has a period of healing. Atopic Dermatitis Disease Resources may go unnoticed throughout this period (called remission). Many patients have remissions lasting for months or even years. Some youngsters outgrow their atopic dermatitis. Others will continue to suffer from it as they get older. Adult flare-ups are usually milder.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis and eczema
Eczema and atopic dermatitis can begin as dry, itchy skin. An itchy, red, swelling and painful rash may develop. Scratching it more aggravates the problem. The rash may begin to discharge a clear fluid. The rash will eventually harden and begin to scale. Elbow creases behind knees, cheeks, and buttocks are common sites for the rash.
Eczema’s Risk Factors and Causes
As a result of reduced-fat and oil production, skin affected with eczema has a difficult time retaining moisture. It is also caused by a breach in the skin barrier, which allows the skin’s natural moisture to evaporate. As a result, it will dry out and lose its protective qualities.
Atopic dermatitis, the most common form of eczema, has no known etiology.
Children are more likely to get eczema if their parents have allergies, such as hay fever or asthma, which shows that the ailment is passed down down the generations.
Skin doctors may not consider eczema an autoimmune condition, but immune system overreaction or dysfunction is regarded to be the cause of the symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
When it comes to adults, there is no way to tell if the condition will ever go away or if it will stay with the sufferer for the rest of their lives. Atopic dermatitis can be managed with medication, moisturizing, and avoiding triggers like pollen, dust, and perfumes that induce flare-ups.
How Is Eczema Identified?
To determine if you have eczema, your doctor will do a physical examination to examine your skin and search for the rash that is associated with the disease.
In order to confirm the diagnosis and rule out any other possible skin disorders, a skin biopsy may be performed.
Additionally, your doctor will ask you about your personal and family medical history, especially in regards to allergies and skin-related illnesses, according to the Cleveland Clinic, to better understand your symptoms.
Additionally, your doctor may conduct a blood test and allergy tests, which might reveal possible allergic triggers for your skin flare-ups, as noted by National Jewish Health.